Main Article Content
Dalit literature seeks to present the struggles and experiences of the oppressed. Bengali Dalit literature has become a powerful tool for social and political action. It provides counter-narratives that talk about their experiences and realities. Bangla Dalit literature depicts the lives of refugees with sensitivity and empathy, emphasizing the struggles and resilience of those displaced from their homes and communities due to political, social and economic factors. The term “refugee” refers to a person who has been forced to flee their country of origin. A large part of the population had to leave their homes and migrate from East Bengal to West Bengal as part of the Partition of Bengal, mainly due to the communal tension. However, most of the refugees who migrated to West Bengal during the Bangladesh Liberation Movement in 1971 were mainly Dalits or other marginalized communities who faced discrimination and oppression in their homeland. Jatin Bala, one of the eminent Dalit writers and one of the refugees, himself reflected the pain and suffering of these Bengali Dalit refugees, on the other hand, Allen Ginsberg, the famous American writer Ginsburg, who visited Bangladesh amid the conflict, he also paints a sad picture of the loss of these Bengali refuges in his long poem “September On Jossor Road”. This study aims to carry out a comparative study of the representations of the two authors about these refugees.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Bala, Jatin, Averse as a Sharpened Weapon, Ram Krishna Press, 2012.
Biswas, Manohar Mouli, Surviving in My World, Trans. Joydeep Sarangi and Angana Dutta, Samya, 2015.
Biswas, Mouli Manohar, Poetic Rendering As yet Unborn. Bibhuti Printing Works, 2010.
Biswas, Mouli Manohar, The Wheel Will Turn. Repro India Limited, 2014.
Byapary, Manoranjan, Is there Dalit Writing in Bengal? Economic and Political weekly, Vol. 42. No. 41 (oct.13-19, 2007). pp.4116-4120
Bandyopadhyay, Sekhar Caste, Culture, and Hegemony: Social Dominance in Colonial Bengal. Sage Publications, 2004.
Bala Jatin, Shikarh Chhenrha Jeeban. Chaturtha Duniya, 2010.
Bala, Jatin, Averse as a Sharpened Weapon. Ram Krisna Press, 2012.
Sen, Jhuma, “The Silence of Marichjhapi” Banglanama. N.p. 2009. Web. 27 July 2017.
Thakur, Kapil Krishna, Matua Andolan o Banglar Anunata Samaj. Chaturtha Dunia. 2011.
“The Marichjhapi Massacre.” The Journal of Asian Studies 58.1 (1999): 113. Web. 16 Aug. 2017
“Marichjhapi and the Revenge of Bengali Bhadralok, The Story Of A Dalit Genocide That Remains Untold”, Ground Report India. N.p., 2017. Web. 26 July 2017.
Ross Mallick “Development Policy of a Communist Government: West Bengal Since 1977” Cambridge University Press.2007.
Ginsberg, A., 2003. September On Jessore Road - September On Jessore Road Poem by Allen Ginsberg. [online] Poem Hunter. Available at: <https://www.poemhunter.com/poem/september-on-jessore-road/> [Accessed 19 February 2022].