Struggles of Dalits in Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance

Main Article Content

Dr. Ratnesh Baranwal


Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance provides a vivid and deeply moving depiction of India’s complex social fabric, skillfully intertwining the lives of characters from a variety of backgrounds. Central to Mistry’s narrative are the Dalit characters, who embody one of the most marginalized and oppressed communities in Indian society. This research paper delves into the portrayal of Dalit characters in A Fine Balance, examining how Mistry illuminates their experiences, challenges, and resilience in the face of pervasive systemic discrimination and social injustices. Mistry’s narrative captures the harsh realities faced by Dalits, who are subjected to relentless oppression and prejudice. The novel highlights the socio-economic hardships and the persistent stigmatization that Dalits endure, offering readers a profound understanding of their plight. By focusing on the individual stories of key Dalit characters, the research explores how Mistry conveys their struggles and their capacity to endure and resist despite overwhelming adversity. Through a meticulous analysis of characters such as Ishvar and Omprakash, the paper underscores the various dimensions of Dalit oppression, including caste-based violence, economic exploitation, and social exclusion. Mistry’s nuanced portrayal of these characters not only brings their suffering to the forefront but also showcases their unwavering spirit and determination to seek a better life. The thematic elements in A Fine Balance serve as a powerful lens through which the broader socio-political realities of India can be understood. The research paper emphasizes the significance of the Dalit narrative in the novel, arguing that their stories are crucial for a comprehensive understanding of India’s socio-political landscape. By shedding light on the struggles of Dalits, Mistry’s work encourages readers to reflect on the ongoing issues of caste discrimination and social injustice in contemporary India. The present research article aims to highlight the importance of Dalit representation in A Fine Balance, demonstrating how Mistry’s depiction of their struggles and resilience provides a critical commentary on the entrenched socio-political inequalities in Indian society.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sunil, and Dr. Ratnesh Baranwal. “Struggles of Dalits in Rohinton Mistry’s A Fine Balance”. The Creative Launcher, vol. 9, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 15-20,
Research Articles


Srinivas, M.N. Caste in Modern India and Other Essays. Asia Publishing House, 1952.

Ambedkar, B.R. Annihilation of Caste. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Writings and Speeches, 1936.

Bhautoo-Dewnarain, Nandini. Rohinton Mistry: An Introduction. Foundation Books. New Delhi, 2007.

Mistry, Rohinton. A Fine Balance. McClelland and Stewart, 2010.

Omvedt, G. Dalit Visions: The Anti-caste Movement and the Construction of an Indian Identity. Orient Longman, 1994.

Thorat, S., & Newman, K. (2007). Blocked by Caste: Economic Discrimination in Modern India. Oxford University Press.

Keer, D. Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission. Popular Prakashan, 1971.