Representation of Racism, Oppression and Marginalization of Black Women in Tony Morrison’s The Bluest Eye

Authors

  • Rohini Harsh Research Scholar, The Department of English & MEL, The University of Lucknow, Lucknow, U.P., India

Keywords:

Racism, oppression, marginalization, African, beauty and whiteness, discrimination

Abstract

The concept of racism is developed and constructed by our society which further creates disparities among people. This term is based on belief system and very much relevant in the modern contemporary society, therefore, internalize by great number of masses. Racism is a cooperative force of actions by large number of people that maintain and persist with each other, where some communities enjoy the benefits and other groups suffers difficulties. Thereby racism is responsible for prejudice and discrimination between people all around the world. This omnipresent and multi-faceted nature of racism is particularly poignant in Toni Morrison’s novel The Bluest Eye. The article critically analyzes the novel, and scrutinizes how Morrison defies Western standards of beauty which further reveals that the idea of beauty is socially constructed. Morrison identifies that large section of black women is severely marginalized and oppressed by men and by western culture. In exhibiting pride in being dark, this author does not just depict optimistic pictures of blackness but also she focus on the damage that the black women characters experiences through the development of femininity in a racialized world. This article try to investigate the issues associated with the subjugation of African American women and non American African women, the class differences, the idea of beauty and materialism linked with the growing class versatility, patriarchal society, the ill-treatment of women and the notion of beauty as a way to have a "superior life". The article shows how the prejudice that exists within the African American people can be viewed as an impact of the discrimination and bigotry that its people have been subjected by the Whites. The Bluest Eye is a remarkable articulation of Toni Morrison's ethnic social women's liberation, a critic of black poverty, vulnerability and loss of optimistic self-image signified by Pecola who believe that blackness has condemned her to cruelty and ignorance. The idea of race and the idiocy of fair skin are depicted through the incidents and stories told by the characters, particularly the three young women Claudia, Pecola and Frieda in the novel. Thus, Morrison proves us the damaging impact of pre-conceived notion of white beauty on individual and on society through the struggle of those people who have suffered. It also scrutinizes the marginalization and oppression of black women by not only whites but also by their native people.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

"A Critical Analysis of The Bluest Eye- Racism: Self-worth through Scapegoating." Artxy. 26 Nov. 2010, Www.artxy.com/2010/11racism-self-worth-through-scapegoating.

"Analytical Essay Sample on "The Bluest Eye"." CustomWriting.com. 12 Apr.2010, www.customwritings.com/blog/sample-essay/bluest-eye-essay.html.

Aggarwal, Ruchee. "Feminist perspective of Toni Morrison in "The Bluest Eye"." Indian Journal of Applied Research, vol. 2, no. 1, 2012, p. 1, www.worl-dwidejournals.com/indian-journal-of-applied-research (IJAR)/recent_issues_pdf/2012/October/October_2012_1356964559_f9c75_38.pdf_38.pdf.

Bhagat, Chetan. "Fifty shades of fair:Why colour gets under our skin." The Times of India. 5 Apr. 2015, timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blogs/The-underage-optimist/fifty-shades-of- fair-why-colour-gets-under-our-skin/.

Bring, Maria. "Racism within African American Communities in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye and Paradise." Lulea University of Technology, 2004. Print.

Khan, Fauzia. "Theme of Protest in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye." IJRHAL, vol. 1, no. 6, 2013, pp. 65- 72, archive.org/stream/9.HumanitiesThemeOfProtestFauziaKhan/9.%29Humanities- Theme%20of%20Protest-Fauzia%20Khan_djvu.txt.

Kuenz, Jane. "The Bluest Eye: Notes on History, Community, and Black Female Subjectivity". African American review, vol. 27, no. 3, 1993, www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-14673170/the-bluest-eye-notes-on- history-community-and.

Mckendrick, Stephanie. "A Researched Analytical Essay: The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison." Stephanie Mckendrick. 15 June 2011,www.st-ephmckphoto.tumblr.com/post/6556409256/analysis-research-paper-on- the-bluest-eye-by-toni. "Toni Morrison "The Bluest Eye"." Toni Morrison "The Bluest Eye". 4 Feb. 2009, academic.br-ooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/morrison.html.

"The Bluest Eye - Summary" MAXnotes to The Bluest Eye Ed. Dr. M. Fogiel. Research and Education Associa-tion, Inc. 2000 eNotes.com 4 Nov, 2020 https://www.enotes.com/topics/bluest-eye#summary-summary-summary-overview

“A Critical Analysis of The Bluest Eye- Racism: Self-worth through Scapegoating”. Artxy. 26 Nov. 2010, www.art-xy.com/2010/11racism-self-worth-through-scapegoating. Accessed 27 May 2020.

“Analytical Essay Sample on “The Bluest Eye”.” CustomWriting.com. 12 April. 2010, www.customwriting.com-/blog/sample-essay/bluest-eye-essay.html. Accessed on 4 Nov. 2020.

Coady, LeAnne. Toni Morrison Writes on Racism.December 2008. http://www1.umassd.edu/corridors/secondessay258.html

Fanon Franz.”Black Skin, White Masks”. New York : Grove Weidenfeld, 1991. Print.

GradeSaver. “Black Skin, White Masks Quotes and Analysis”. GradeSaver, 1 Nov 2020. Web. 1 Nov 2020. https://www.gradesaver.com/black-skin-white-masks/study guide/quotes

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242235220_Racialised_beauty_Toni_Morrison's_The_Bluest_Eye. http://ehlt.flinders.edu.au/projects/counterpoints/PDF/A14.pdf

https://www.scribd.com/doc/15773327/Critical-Analysis-of-The-Bluest-Eye-By-Toni- Morrison

James, Rosetta, and Louisa S. Nye. CliffsNotes on The Bluest Eye. 04 Nov 2020

/b/the-bluest-eye/book-summary> https://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/b/the-bluest-eye/book-summary

Joseph. “The Bluest Eye is a novel written by Toni Morrison”. Feb 18, 2020. Essay Portal. https://essayportal.net/the-bluest-eye-is-a-novel-written-by-toni-morrison-an-essay/

Morrison, Toni. “The Bluest Eye”. Vintage International. 2007. https://memb-erfiles.freewebs.com/36/26/43092636/documents/Bluest%20Eye,%20Th e%20-%20Toni%20Morrison.pdf

Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye. Holt McDougal. 1970.

Power, Jacob. “The Bluest Eye Plot Summary”. LitCharts. LitCharts LLC, 21 Dec 2013. Web. 6 Oct 2020.

Russel, Sandi. “It‟s Ok to say Ok “, An Interview Essay: Critical Essays on Toni Morrison, Ed. Nelliey. Y. Mcka, 1988.

Smith, Nicole. "Literary Analysis of "The Bluest Eye" by Toni Morrison: History and Slavery." ARTICLEMYR-IAD. 15 Jan. 2012, www.articlem-yriad.com/literary- analysis-blue-st-eye-toni-morrison-history-slavery/.

Bhardwaj, Neelam. "The Bluest Eye: A Tragedy of Oppression and Internalized Racism." IJSELL, vol. 4, no. 8, 2016, pp. 101-104, www.arcjournals.org/pdfs/ijsell/v4- i8/14.pdf.

Cohen, M Farm. "The Condition of Women in Developing and Developed Countries." The Independent Review, vol. 11, no. 2, 2006, pp. 261- 274, www.independent.org/pdf/tir/tir_11_02_06_cohen.pdf.

Riechers, Mark. "Toni Morrison on the black community And The intersection of class and race." WISCONSIN PUBLIC RADIO. www.wpr.org./toni-morrison-black- community-and-intersection -class and race.

Patranobish, Paromita. "Will we read Toni Morrison in troubled timed? Yes, we will read. Toni Morrison on troubled times." Scroll.in. 2019.scroll.in/arti-cle/934112/will-we-read-toni-morrison-in-troubled-times-yes-we-will-read-toni-morrison-on-troubled- times.

SparkNotes Editors. “The Bluest Eye”. SparkNotes.com.2005. https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/bluesteye/

Subramanian, R.Gandhi. Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye: A Critical Study. Academia.edu.https://www.academia.edu/9257812/Toni_Morrisons_Bluest_Eye_A_critical_Review

Sugiharti, Esti. (2020). Racialised beauty: Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye.

Wilde, Matthew. Critical Analysis of “The Bluest Eye” by Toni Morrison.

Zlatohlávková, Radka. “The Class Distinction Among African Americans in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye, Tar Baby and Song of Solomon”. Brno, 2008. Available from: https://is.muni.c-z/th/reekz/. Bachelar’s thesis. Masaryk University, Faculty of Arts. Thesis Supervisor Martina Horakova.

Downloads

Published

2020-10-30

How to Cite

Rohini Harsh. (2020). Representation of Racism, Oppression and Marginalization of Black Women in Tony Morrison’s The Bluest Eye. The Creative Launcher, 5(4), 48–55. Retrieved from https://www.thecreativelauncher.com/index.php/tcl/article/view/145