Industries and Tribal: Erosion of Their Ethos
Keywords:Tribal, Colonial, Industry, Project, Development, Inclusion
Tribal issue is a matter of global concern. In India around 8.8% of the total population consist of tribal. They are of primitive human civilisation of India. The major tribes in India are the Gonds, the Bhils, the Santals, the Oraons, the Minas and the Mundas. Eighty percent of the tribes are found in the central region of India. If we look back in the history of pre-independent India, the tribes’ position was not in much privileged; they are intended for the laborious job, a kind of slaves under the British colonials. Later on, a decade of independence, unfortunately there are virtually no alterations in the present socio-economic scenario of the tribe’s conditions. Tribes are treated as outsiders and unwanted in their own homeland by the modern capitalist’s society. In the process of national development tribes and their cultural identity is badly affected as compared to any other community as the second Five Year Plan was modelled on the idea of either industrialisation or perish, providing the front seat of debates and decision only to the economic issues. Tribal areas have been comprehended as the heaven of natural resources by the industrial houses and investors. As a consequence, thousands of industrial projects are installed by the investors in or near these tribal areas for the rude fabrics of the yields. And the tribes were disowned from their lands and homes; forced to migrate from their traditional sources of livelihood – Jal, Jungal and Zamin, leaving their culture, tradition and identity to a critical stage. This paper concentrates on the impact of industrialization in the tribal regions and their economic and social inclusion in the mainstream resulting in their dichotomy of existence and alienation.
Choudhari, S. N. Social Movements in Tribal India. Rawat Publication, 2014.
Guha, R. The Unquiet Woods (Twentieth Anniversary Edition): Ecological Change and Peasant Resistance in the Himalaya. Orient Blackswan Private Limited, 2013.
Marx, Karl. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. National Book Agency, 1993.
Scheduled tribes and Scheduled areas, G. of I. (n.d.). Report of the Scheduled Areas And scheduled Tribes Commission Government of India. Retrieved July o1, 2021, from https://tribal.nic.in/writereaddata/AnnualReport/BhuriaReportFinal.pdf.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 The Creative Launcher
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.