Modernism and its Impact on the Psychology of Characters in D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love and R. N. Tagore’s Red Oleander

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Modernism reflects an attempt to use a language in a way that is desires to communicate a message. Modernism is like the transverse wave which one hand has brought the liberation of the self from the bondages of previously settled ideologies and on the other hand has headed the human race towards the verge of extinction. Modernism, a literary and cultural thought which flourished in the early 20th century is generally used as a term to refer to the thoughts and ideas reflected in the English literature o the modern age. The major figures belonging to this period include American and Irish writers such as Eliot, Yeats and Joyce, as well as the Norwegian and Swedish dramatists Ibsen and Strindberg. The term ‘Modernist’ was not generally used by the exponents of the movement themselves, who rather referred to their works and aesthetic theories as ‘modern’, but became popular later, when the groups in question were clearly no longer modern in a historical sense. The one notable early use of the term was in the critical work of Robert Graves and Laura Riding entitled ‘A Survey of Modernist Poetry (1927).


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Deepika. “Modernism and Its Impact on the Psychology of Characters in D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love and R. N. Tagore’s Red Oleander”. The Creative Launcher, vol. 1, no. 2, June 2016, pp. 36-39,


F. R. Leavis (1955) D. H. Lawrence: Novelist (London, Chatto and Windus)

F.R. Leavis (1976) Thought, Words and Creativity: Art and Thought in D. H. Lawrence (London, Chatto and Windus)

Joyce Carol Oates (1978) "Lawrence's Götterdämmerung: The Apocalyptic Vision of Women in Love" Charles L. Ross (1991) Women in Love: A Novel of Mythic Realism (Boston, Mass.: Twayne)

John Worthen, The Restoration of Women in Love, in Peter Preston and Peter Hoare (eds.) (1989), D. H. Lawrence in the Modern World (London and Basingstoke: Macmillan), pp 7–26

Ananda Lal, Rabindranath Tagore Three Plays, Calcutta: M. P. Birla Foundation, 1987, p. 129.

R. N. Roy, Rabindranath Tagore The Dramatist, Calcutta: A Mukerjee & Co.,1992, Pp.218-19.

Ibid., p. xiii.

Rabindranath Tagore A Centenary Volume 1861 –Sahitya Akademi, 1961, p.259