The Struggle for the Existence in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath

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Jyoti Singh
Prof. Pratibha Tyagi


The issue of struggle for existence in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath (1939) is examined in this research article. The struggle for existence is a universal topic that appears in Steinbeck’s writings as well. Steinbeck’s works are full of characters who struggle to make both ends meet as migrant farmers during the Great Depression. He admired those who worked hard and lived honourably. The characters were given Steinbeck’s voice and vibe. Their flaws, struggle for survival, and unwavering courage are not only theirs but also Steinbeck's. Even though the fact that he authored fiction, his characters are realistic in their portrayals of contemporary America. The Grapes of Wrath earned Steinbeck both praise and scorn. It’s based on the American Great Depression, which ran from 1929 to 1939. Many people were destroyed by the stock market fall, which resulted in widespread unemployment. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s followed. Due to a lack of rain and strong gusts, the top soil swept away. Farmers were forced to sell their lands to the banks as a result of this. The Grapes of Wrath was inspired by the migrants’ suffering and sacrifice. This single work serves as a testament to the human experience in tough times.


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How to Cite
Jyoti Singh, and Prof. Pratibha Tyagi. “The Struggle for the Existence in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath”. The Creative Launcher, vol. 7, no. 1, Mar. 2022, pp. 1-6, doi:10.53032/tcl.2022.7.1.01.
Research Articles


Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath. Penguin Modern Classics, 1939.

Burgum, “The Sensibility of John Steinbeck,” Steinbeck and His Critics, University of New Mexico Press p. 113.

Thoreau, Henry David. Walden and other Writings. Random House USA Inc, 1984. pp. 117-25.

Spiller, Robert E., The Cycle of American Literature: An Essay in Historical Criticism, The Free Press, p. 216.